Order has all but given approach to the violent impulses represented by Jack’s tribe. When rescuers arrive to take the boys back to civilization, Ralph symbolically regains authority.
By the tip of the novel, he has misplaced book lord of the flies hope in the boys’ rescue altogether. The progression of Ralph’s character from idealism to pessimistic realism expresses the extent to which life on the island has eradicated his childhood. Even so, the novel is not completely pessimistic in regards to the human capacity for good.
They decide that their only choice is to journey to the Castle Rock to make Jack and his followers see cause. Chanting and dancing in several separate circles along the seashore, the boys are caught up in a kind of frenzy. Even Ralph and Piggy, swept away by the thrill, dance on the fringes of the group. The boys again reenact the searching of the pig and reach a high pitch of frenzied vitality as they chant and dance.
Suddenly, the boys see a shadowy figure creep out of the forest—it’s Simon. Shouting that he’s the beast, the boys descend upon Simon and start to tear him apart with their bare palms and teeth. Simon tries desperately to elucidate what has occurred and to remind them of who he is, however he journeys and plunges over the rocks onto the beach.
With the brutal, animalistic murder of Simon, the final vestige of civilized order on the island is stripped away, and brutality and chaos take over. By this level, the boys in Jack’s camp are all but inhuman savages, and Ralph’s few remaining allies suffer dwindling spirits and consider becoming a member of Jack. Even Ralph and Piggy themselves get swept up within the ritual dance round Jack’s banquet hearth.
To Piggy’s dismay, Jack grabs his thick glasses and makes use of them to reflect the solar’s rays, successfully creating a fire. Golding had lots of experience in dealing with schoolboys, for he was a teacher in Britain for a few years.
Ralph, now deserted by most of his supporters, journeys to Castle Rock to confront Jack and secure the glasses. Taking the conch and accompanied solely by Piggy, Sam, and Eric, Ralph finds the tribe and calls for that they return the dear object. Confirming their complete rejection of Ralph’s authority, the tribe seize and bind the twins under Jack’s command. Ralph and Jack have interaction in a battle which neither wins before Piggy tries as soon as more to handle the tribe. Any sense of order or safety is completely eroded when Roger, now sadistic, intentionally drops a boulder from his vantage point above, killing Piggy and shattering the conch.